2024 : 6 : 15
Maziyar Marandi

Maziyar Marandi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4882-2033
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55650454400
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University
Phone:

Research

Title
Composition tuning of CdSeXS1−X nanocrystals for enhancing the photovoltaic performance of CdS/CdSeXS1−X quantum dot‑sensitized solar cells
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
CdSexS1-x nanocrystals; Composition tuning, QD-sensitized solar cells; Co-sensitization; Efficiency enhancement
Year
2024
Journal Journal of Materials Science
DOI
Researchers Saeedeh Souri ، Maziyar Marandi

Abstract

In this work, CdSexS1−x QDs with X diferent value and compositions were prepared for utilization as light absorbing in the CdS/CdSexS1−x multiple quantum dot-sensitized solar cells. These QDs with X diferent value were deposited on the FTO/TiO2NPs/CdS/CdSeXS1−X/ZnS photoanode through the successive ionic layer absorption and reaction (SILAR) method. Then the photovoltaic parameters were measured and extracted by diferent photovoltaic analyses. The X value was altered in the range of 0.1–0.4, and the corresponding cells were fabricated. According to the results, the best efciency was achieved for the QDSCs with CdSeXS1-X, X = 0.3, light absorbing layer. The efciency was increased about 39% compared to the reference CdSexS1-x free cell. The process of synthesis and deposition of CdSeXS1-X QDs was carried out in 5 cycles. In the following, the number of SILAR cycles was optimized for the X appropriate ratio. According to measurements, the FTO/TiO2NPs/CdS/CdSe0.3S0.7/ZnS photoanode structure with the CdSe0.3S0.7 layer deposited in 3 SILAR cycles, created and efciency enhancement about 38% compared to the pervious maximum state. The IPCE curves were measured, and corresponding APCEs were extracted which showed a maximum quantum conversion efciency about 75%, while the spectrum is spread in the wavelength range of 400–700 nm. This improvement in photovoltaic characteristics can be atributed to the broader light absorption region and higher light-harvesting efciency. Besides, due to the performed calculations a cascade energy band diagram is formed between the CdS and CdSeS sensitizing layers which is suitable for well transfer of photogenerated electron–hole pair.