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Vahid Mahdavi

Vahid Mahdavi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5823-5628
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 7004027950
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University
Phone:

Research

Title
Gas phase dehydration of glycerol catalyzed by gamma Al2O3 supported V2O5: a statistical approach for simultaneous optimization
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Gas phase dehydration; Glycerol; Acrolein; V2O5/γ-Al2O3; Box-Behnken design
Year
2016
Journal RSC ADVANCES
DOI
Researchers Vahid Mahdavi ، Ali Monajemi

Abstract

Selective gas-phase dehydration of glycerol to acrolein over V2O5/g-Al2O3 catalysts was investigated. The catalysts with various V2O5 loading were facilely synthesized by an impregnation method. The prepared catalysts were characterized by several techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), temperature-programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3), temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The effects of V2O5 loading (5–25 wt%), gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of O2/N2 (120–540 h1) and reaction temperature (250–320 C) on yield of acrolein were studied by Box–Behnken design. The influence of independent factors and their quadratic interactions were examined by means of the analysis of variance (ANOVA). The present results indicate that temperature has a different effect on the conversion and selectivity of acrolein. The catalyst with 14.80 wt% of V2O5 loading, GHSV of 268.60 h1 and reaction temperature of 286.35 C produced the maximum yield of acrolein (73.05%). The analysis revealed that the predicted results agree well with experimental data (12.5 wt% loading of V2O5 on g-Al2O3, GHSV of the carrier gas ¼ 330 h1 and reaction temperature of 285 C with 68.31% yield).