2024 : 7 : 22
Seyed Mohammadali Shariatzadeh

Seyed Mohammadali Shariatzadeh

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2395-8057
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 15133044400
HIndex:
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University
Phone:

Research

Title
Empagliflozin reduces the adverse effects of diabetes mellitus on testicular tissue in type 2 diabetic Rats: A stereological and biochemical study
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Diabetes mellitus Empagliflozin Stereology Testis Bax and Bcl2 genes
Year
2024
Journal Biochemical pharmacology
DOI
Researchers Mina Kiani ، Malek Soleimani mehranjani ، Seyed Mohammadali Shariatzadeh

Abstract

Empagliflozin as an antioxidant decreases blood glucose and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Base on the empagliflozin antioxidant properties we decided to investigate the its effects on the testis histological changes through stereological techniques and biochemical evaluations in T2 diabetes mellitus rats. Rats were divided into: control, diabetes mellitus (DM, streptozotocin + nicotinamide) and diabetes mellitus + empagli- flozin (DM + EMPA, 10 mg/kg/day) groups. 56 days after inducing diabetes mellitus testis histological changes and serum biochemical factors along with the level of Bax, Bcl2 and Nrf2 genes expression in the testicular tissue were assessed. A significant decrease in the mean total volume of testis and its components, the level of Bcl2 and Nrf2 gene expression (p < 0.001) along with a significant increase in the level of IL-6, TNF- α , MDA, Bax gene expression were observed in the DM group compared to the control group (p < 0.001). In the DM + EMPA group, the mean total volume of testis and its components, the level of Bcl2 gene expression (p< 0.01) and Nrf2 (p < 0.001) significantly increased whereas the mean level of IL-6 (p < 0.01), TNF- α (p < 0.001), MDA (p < 0.001), Bax (p < 0.001) gene expression significantly decreased compared to the DM group. Our results showed that empagliflozin, by improving the antioxidant defense system, can reduce testicular inflammation and apoptosis and partly prevent the adverse effects of diabetes mellitus on testicular tissue.