2024 : 6 : 17
Reza Pourimani

Reza Pourimani

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0102-0578
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 6505565793
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University


Advanced fuel and burnable absorbers designed for long-cycle operation of BNPP
BNPP Coaxial IBA Proposed core Long-cycle operation Power distribution Economical benefits TVS-2M
Journal Radiation Physic and Chemistry
Researchers Zahra papy ، farokh khosh ahval ، Reza Pourimani


The present study is based on the facts that are happening for the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) and coincides with the operational changes and step-by-step modifications of the BNPP in the near future. Bushehr reactor core will change from BNPP core to TVS-2M core. In other words, a new fuel, called the TVS-2M, is being used by the Russians to upgrade WWER-1000 reactors to reduce power generation costs, increase cycle length and fuel consumption. The neutronic analysis performed in this work is in line with this change. It provides a feasibility study of BA change and increase of cycle length in BNPP reactor without changing the initial structure of the reactor core. This research provides a new core configuration that can achieve the stated goals to a large extent without changing the BNPP core to the TVS-2M core. This research provides a feasibility study of Integrated burnable absorber (IBA) change by maintaining the initial neutronic conditions and a new highperformance configuration aiming for a long-cycle operation in Iran’s nuclear power reactor. In Water-Water Energetic Reactors (WWER) reactors, two alternatives to CrB2Al (current burnable absorber in BNPP) are gadolinia (Gd2O3-UO2), and erbia (Er2O3-UO2). The benefits of the combinational IBA concept are expected by compensating weak points of each other. The main contribution of this research is the use of two cylindrical coaxial IBA layers with the same volume of gadolinium pins plus erbium (separated by a thin layer of zirconium alloy (Zr + 1% Nb)) and gadolinium pins. A neutronic evaluation has been conducted to investigate the variations of effective multiplication factor versus burnup, reactivity swing, power peaking distribution, moderator temperature coefficient (MTC), critical boron concentration (CBC), and cycle length. The result shows that the cycle length can be extended from 296 days in the BNPP core to 366 days in the proposed core, which is comparable to the cycle length of the TVS-2M