2024 : 5 : 19
Mohammad Ghaffary

Mohammad Ghaffary

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4012-0093
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55573741900
Faculty: Literature and Languages
Address: Arak University


A Freudian Psychoanalytical Reading of Desire in Raymond Chandler's The Big Sleep and The Long Goodbye
desire, hard-boiled detective, crime fiction, ID, ego, superego, psychoanalysis
Researchers Mahdi Vahedikia(PrimaryAdvisor)، Mohammad Ghaffary(Advisor)، Mustafa Khaleel Ibrahim Alshekh Hasan(Student)


The study used a Freudian psychoanalytic framework to examine the treatment of desire in Raymond Chandler's renowned detective novels, including The Big Sleep and The Long Goodbye. This research examined the deep exploration of the characters' subconscious motivations and the intricacy of their psychological composition to illuminate the intricate interplay between the protagonists' intentional objectives and their repressed yearnings. This study investigated the strategies used by characters such as Philip Marlowe to navigate a morally complex environment, where underlying desires often remain concealed. The study drew upon Sigmund Freud's conceptual framework of the id, ego, and superego, as well as his ideas about desire and unconscious motivations. Through an examination of the characters' conversations and significant events, this research uncovered how their suppressed wants, forbidden attractions, and unresolved issues shape their decision-making and behavior. The study also considered how external influences, such as cultural norms and power dynamics, interact with and influence the internal struggles and goals of the characters. The results of this research provided a significant contribution to the continuing conversation regarding the impact that psychoanalytic theory has had on the detective genre, but they also shed light on the many different ways in which literature, particularly Raymond Chandler’s works, may have contributed to this effect. This literary work contributed the understanding of noir literature and the intricacies of the human psyche, providing insights into Chandler's portrayal of human psychology and the complexities of human longing.