2024 : 5 : 24
Mohammad Ghaffary

Mohammad Ghaffary

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4012-0093
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55573741900
Faculty: Literature and Languages
Address: Arak University


A Comparative Cultural-Materialist Study of Selected Poems of Philip Larkin and Federico Garcia Lorca
García Lorcaو Cultural-Materialist Studyو Philip Larkin
Researchers MAHER Hasan Ali Fazaa(Student)، Hamid Reza Dowlatabadi(PrimaryAdvisor)، Mohammad Ghaffary(Advisor)


Federico García Lorca was born on June 5th, 1898, in the small town of Fuente Vaquero in Granada, Spain, into a family of wealth and privilege. Philip Arthur Larkin, CH CBE FRSL (9 August 1922 – 2 December 1985), was a British poet, novelist, and librarian. This study employs the Cultural Materialism Theory to compare selected poems by Larkin and Lorca. The study collects numerous poems by both poets and applies cultural materialism to them. The results of the study reveal that the poetry of both Larkin and Lorca highlights the experiences of marginalized social groups. Larkin's poetry focuses on the working class and the gypsy population in England after World War II. The characters in Larkin's poetry represent the universal experience of loneliness and isolation that is inherent in the human condition. By exploring the lives of these marginalized individuals, Larkin delves into themes such as mortality, identity, and the search for meaning in life. In contrast, Lorca's poetry challenges dominant cultural narratives and inspires social change. Investigating the impact of their work on the broader cultural and political landscape of their times could provide valuable insights into the role of literature in effecting social change and promoting greater equality and justice in society.