2024 : 5 : 19
Mohammad Ghaffary

Mohammad Ghaffary

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4012-0093
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55573741900
Faculty: Literature and Languages
Address: Arak University


A Feminist Study of Power Struggles in Paula Hawkins’s The Girl on the Train Based on Luce Irigaray’s Theory
feminine identity, Feminism, gender, hegemonic masculinity, power discourse, The Girl on the Train
Researchers Mohammad Ghaffary(PrimaryAdvisor)، Abolfazl Horri(Advisor)، Huda Yaseen Muhammed Al-Bdairi(Student)


This study delved into the intricate interplay of power struggles within Paula Hawkins’s novel The Girl on the Train, employing Luce Irigaray’s feminist theoretical framework. The research aimed to analyze how the dynamics of power are portrayed in the novel and to explore the implications of these portrayals from a feminist perspective. The background to the study encompassed the growing significance of feminist literary analysis and the prevalence of power dynamics within literary narratives. The study aimed to address the problem of how power struggles are depicted in The Girl on the Train through a feminist lens. The purpose was to uncover the underlying power dynamics among the female characters and to ascertain how these dynamics align with or deviate from Luce Irigaray’s feminist theories. A qualitative approach was adopted, involving a comprehensive analysis of the novel’s text. Close reading techniques were employed to identify instances of power struggles, with specific attention to interactions among female characters. The study revealed a nuanced portrayal of power struggles among the female characters, highlighting the ways in which societal norms and patriarchal structures influence their relationships. The findings underscored the ongoing relevance of feminist literary analysis, showcasing how it enriches our understanding of power dynamics in literature. The study’s insights contribute to discussions on gender, power, and agency, inviting readers and scholars to reevaluate traditional narratives and consider alternative perspectives. Additionally, the study demonstrated the applicability of Irigaray’s theory in interpreting contemporary literature through a feminist lens, encouraging further explorations of her ideas in literary criticism.