2024 : 4 : 21
Maziyar Marandi

Maziyar Marandi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4882-2033
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55650454400
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University


Application of combinative TiO2 nanorods and nanoparticles layer as the electron transport film in highly efficient mixed halides perovskite solar cells
TiO2NRs, TiO2NPs, Mixed halides perovskite solar cells, Combinative electron transport layer
Journal Electrochimica Acta
Researchers azam khorasani ، Maziyar Marandi ، Nima Taghavinia ، Azam Irajizad


In this research a combinative electron transport layer (ETL) composed of TiO2 nanocrystals (NCs) and nanorods (NRs) were prepared and applied in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). TiO2 NCs with dominant size of 20 nm were synthesized through a hydrothermal method. TiO2 NRs were also grown through another hydrothermal process using P25 TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) as the precursors. The diameter and length of the TiO2 NRs were measured about 80 nm and 1-2 µm, respectively. Different combinative pastes including TiO2 NCs and NRs were prepared and applied in ETL component of the PSCs. The weight percent (wt%) of the included TiO2 NRs in electron transport layer was altered in the range of 0-20%. A conventional structure of FTO/TiO2 compact layer/TiO2 NCs-NRs mesoporous layer/Perovskite/Spiro-OMeTAD/Au. was utilized for fabrication of PSCs in ambient condition. Cs0.05(MA0.17FA0.83)0.95Pb(I0.83Br0.17)3 mixed halides perovskite was also used due to its proper bandgap energy, crystalline quality and longtime stability. The effect of ETL composition i.e. the weight percent of the composing TiO2 NRs on the photovoltaic (PV) performance of the cells was investigated. According to the results, the PSC with a combinative ETL including 10 wt% of the TiO2 NRs demonstrated a Jsc=22.95 mA/cm2, Voc=1.055 V, FF=0.71 and η=17.2%. This energy conversion efficiency was increased about 20% compared to that of the PSC with nanocrystalline, NRs-free ETL. The reason was attributed to the optimized electron transport property of the ETL and crystalline quality of the over-grown perovskite layer.