2024 : 5 : 28
Masoud Keshavarz

Masoud Keshavarz

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6585-2752
Education: PhD.
Faculty: Literature and Languages
Address: Arak University


A Study on the Representation of Female Characters in Tony's Morrison The Bluest Eye Based on Simon De Beauvoir's Feminism
Feminism, De Beauvoir, Toni Morrison, The Bluest Eye, The Second Sex Gender dynamic Power structures, Female identity Patriarchal norms
Researchers Noor Hadi Dalfi(Student)، Majid Amerian(PrimaryAdvisor)، Masoud Keshavarz(Advisor)


This study offers an exploration of the representation of female characters in Toni Morrison's novel, The Bluest Eye, by employing Simone De Beauvoir's feminist theory as a conceptual framework. Through a qualitative research design involving textual analysis and analytical description, the investigation delves into the intricate portrayals of women within the narrative. De Beauvoir's feminist lens provides a critical perspective, enabling an in-depth examination of gender dynamics and power structures that influence the experiences of the female characters. The analysis reveals that the female characters in "The Bluest Eye" are positioned as The Other in relation to male characters, reflecting prevailing societal norms and gendered expectations. The language used to describe these characters illuminates their struggles with identity, beauty ideals, and agency. Furthermore, De Beauvoir's theoretical concepts, such as The Other and The Second Sex, enrich the interpretation of the characters' representation, unveiling the profound impact of patriarchal norms on their identities. The implications of this study extend to various domains, encompassing literary analysis, feminist discourse, and social awareness. The research contributes to feminist literary criticism and fosters an intersectional approach to examining the portrayal of women in literature. It prompts thoughtful reflections on how literature both mirrors and challenges societal attitudes towards women, while stimulating crucial dialogue surrounding gender equality and women's experiences in society. As a notable contribution to the academic landscape, this research serves as a foundational stepping stone for future investigations into gender representation in literature and its broader ramifications for societal perceptions and norms.