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Mahdi Khodaei Motlagh

Mahdi Khodaei Motlagh

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1281-7152
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 41861677000
Faculty: Agriculture and Environment
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Research

Title
Effects of starch or fermented fiber based diets on performance, growth status, rumen fermentation and some blood metabolites in Holstein bull calves
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Holstein bull calves, blood metabolites, energy source, insulin
Year
2017
Journal Journal of Livestock Science and Technologies
DOI
Researchers Mehdi Kazemi bonchenari ، Mahdi Khodaei Motlagh ، Hosseinali Ghasemi ، Iman Hajkhodadadi

Abstract

Starch (SS) and fermented fiber (FFS), as energy sources were included in Holstein bull calves diets to evaluate their growth performance, rumen fermentation pattern and concentration of insulin and selected blood metabolites. Fourteen Holstein bull calves (BW=94.5±2.1 kg; age 87±9 d) were allocated to treatments (n=7 calves per treatment) and the study lasted 10 weeks. The diets were based on barley grain and corn silage in SS and FFS treatments, respectively. Dry matter intake was decreased (P < 0.05) in SS compared to FFS treatment (7.83 vs. 8.21 kg/d), with SS treatment causing a lower feed conversion ratio (FCR). Growth indices (body length, withers height and heart girth) did not differ between two treatments (P > 0.05). Fecal score was more watery (= 3.1) in SS compared to FFS (= 2.4) treatment (P < 0.05). The SS diet increased propionate concentration but FFS increased acetate concentration in the rumen fluid. Blood glucose was increased, but beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) decreased in SS fed calves. Insulin concentration was greater by 2.1 µIU ml-1 in SS compared to FFS fed calves. Results showed that although the high starch diet decreased the feed intake and caused feces to contain more water, however it has been improved energy status of calves via decreasing BHB, increasing propionate concentration and improved glucose concentrations. The SS based diet showed greater efficiency compared to FFS based diet in bull calves.