2024 : 4 : 23
Seyed Mohammad Hosseini

Seyed Mohammad Hosseini

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3144-6593
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 57930611200
Faculty: Literature and Languages
Address: Arak University


The Image of Women and Freedom in H. James Daisy Miller: A Feminist Approach
Feminist standpoint, Patriarchal society, Societal expectations, Gender roles, Societal gaze
Researchers Abolfazl Horri(PrimaryAdvisor)، Seyed Mohammad Hosseini(Advisor)، Hasanain Sabah Abdulhadi Al-Bdairi(Student)


This research examines Henry James' novella, "Daisy Miller," from a feminist standpoint, focusing on the portrayal of women and their quest for freedom within a patriarchal society. Set in the late 19th century, the story delves into societal expectations, gender roles, and the limitations imposed on women's agency. This analysis explores how the female protagonist, Daisy Miller, challenges societal norms and pursues personal freedom, despite facing tragic consequences. The first section provides the historical context of the novella, highlighting the prevailing social and cultural attitudes towards women in the Victorian era. It emphasizes the rigid gender roles and expectations that confined women to prescribed behaviors and societal norms. This context forms the foundation for understanding the challenges faced by Daisy Miller in her pursuit of personal autonomy. The subsequent section focuses on Daisy's character, who becomes a symbol of female independence and rebellion against societal conventions. As an American woman visiting Europe, Daisy defies the expectations of her time through her individuality and disregard for social etiquette. Her actions and choices challenge traditional gender expectations, symbolizing the struggle for freedom from societal constraints. The analysis then explores the dynamics between Daisy and the male characters in the novella, particularly Winterbourne and Giovanelli. Winterbourne represents the societal gaze, vacillating between fascination and condemnation of Daisy's behavior. Giovanelli, on the other hand, represents a potential escape from societal expectations. These male characters' perceptions of Daisy reflect the patriarchal power structures at play and their impact on women's agency. Furthermore, the research examines the consequences of Daisy's rebellion against societal norms, leading to her tragic fate. Despite her attempts to assert her autonomy and embrace personal freedom, Daisy is ultimately punished for defying societal norms. This analysis delves into the underlying messages conveyed through Daisy's demise, questioning the societal forces that deny women agency and the consequences they face when seeking liberation.