2024 : 5 : 20
Seyed mohsen Hosseini

Seyed mohsen Hosseini

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3974-5312
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55897505600
Faculty: Engineering
Address: Arak University


Effect of oxidation and annealing temperature on optical and structural properties of SnO2
Journal Bulletin of Materials Science
Researchers Mariam zarin khameh ، Akbar Zendehnam ، Seyed mohsen Hosseini ، Nasrin Robatmili ، Mina Arabzadegan


Tin oxide thin films were deposited on glass substrate with 100 nm thickness of Sn, which was coated by magnetron sputtering followed by thermal oxidation at different temperatures. The effect of oxidation temperature on the optical and structural properties of SnO2 films were investigated. Higher transmittance, lower absorption and lesser structural defects were obtained at higher temperatures. Optical bandgap increases with temperature, while the Urbach energy showed reduction. The X-ray diffraction studies showed that at lower temperatures (300, 350 °C), a combined phase of SnO and SnO2 was obtained, while at higher temperatures (400, 450 °C), a nearly polycrystalline SnO2 film with preferred orientation of (101) was produced. Annealing of the samples at 500–650 °C caused the transmittance and optical bandgap increased, while the absorption decreased. Reduction of the Urbach energy after annealing could be attributed to the reduction of the degree of thermal disorder. AFM studies showed that although the thin films were annealed under similar condition, their roughness was not similar because of different oxidation temperatures, which means that initial oxidation temperature played an important role on surface uniformity of SnO2 thin films.