2024 : 6 : 17
Reza Pourimani

Reza Pourimani

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0102-0578
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 6505565793
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University


A Study on Transfer Factors of Environmental Radionuclides: Radionuclide Transfer from Soil to Different Varieties of Rice in Gorgan, Iran
HPGe Detector, Natural Radiation, Rice, Soil, Transfer Factor
Journal Iranian Journal of Medical Physics
Researchers Reza Pourimani


Abstract Introduction Natural and artificial radionuclides are the main sources of human radiation exposure. These radionuclides, which are present in the environment, can enter the food chain. Rice is one of the most important food components in Iran. Radionuclides by transferring from soil to rice and entering the human body can affect human health. Materials and Methods Fourteen samples of different varieties of rice, nine soil samples from rice fields and four samples of consumed water were collected from four villages around Gorgan, Iran. Specific activities of 40 K and 137 Cs were determined in the samples, using gamma ray spectrometry and a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector. Moreover, transfer factors of radionuclides from soil to rice were determined. Results Specific activities of 226 Ra, 232 Th, 40 K and 137 Cs were determined in the soil and rice samples. The annual effective dose due to rice grain consumption in Iranians varied from 20.50±0.74 to 68.40±11.71 µSv/y. Transfer factors from soil to rice for 40 K and 226 Ra varied from 0.09 to 0.13 and 0.02 to 0.07, respectively. Conclusion The calculated annual effective dose due to rice grain consumption by Iranians was within the average annual global range. Therefore, this study indicated that radionuclide intake due to rice consumption had no consequence for public health. The calculated transfer factors were higher than that reported by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 2010; however, the values were much lower than measurements in Malaysia. 226 Ra, 232 Th,