2024 : 5 : 24
Mohammad Ghaffary

Mohammad Ghaffary

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4012-0093
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55573741900
Faculty: Literature and Languages
Address: Arak University


A Psychoanalytic Reading of Emotional and Life Experiences of Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre Based on Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development
Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Erik H. Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, emotional experience, life experience
Researchers Hamid Varmazyari(PrimaryAdvisor)، Mohammad Ghaffary(Advisor)، Elaf Maki Mejbel(Student)


The relationship between psychology and literature is bidirectional. The act of writing is believed to nourish the human soul, while simultaneously being a product of it. Both literature and psychology center on the exploration of complex themes related to the human experience, including but not limited to, intense thoughts, emotions, sensations, and psychical issues of the soul. The discipline of psychology is concerned with the examination of human behaviour and its underlying determinants, whereas literature serves as a medium for the representation of human conduct through fictional narratives. In this study, I tried to construct a social milieu that impacts Jane's psychosocial maturation, taking into account the historical context of women's roles and the cultural norms surrounding femininity during the Victorian era. This thesis endeavors to explore the correlation between literature and psychology. This study analyses the psychosocial development portrayed in Charlotte Brontë's (1816-1855) novel entitled Jane Eyre, which was published in 1847. The investigation centers on the life experiences of the novel's main character, Jane. The present study examines the progression of Jane's psychological state through the lens of Erik H. Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, situated within the historical and cultural milieu of the Victorian era. The central focus of this investigation is to analyze the interplay between Jane's personal growth and the theoretical framework proposed by Erikson. Upon further investigation, it can be observed that Jane Eyre contains numerous contradictions or incongruous components. Over a period of time, it can be observed that these constituents attain a state of balance or equilibrium. In summary, it is posited that Jane Eyre functions as a depiction of proficient psychological adjustment in an individual's temperament, reliance, and encounters.