2024 : 5 : 24
Mazdak Ebadi

Mazdak Ebadi

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3407-3868
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 24775682400
Faculty: Engineering
Address: Arak University
Phone: 086-32625622


To restrict the AC compressor starting current using a multi-winding power transformer, in PV based battery-less evaporation-distillation water treatment system
Desalination system Evaporation-distillation process AC compressor Inrush current Power transformer Photovoltaics
Researchers Mazdak Ebadi ، Mohammad Khalili


In this paper, a combined water treatment system that uses both reverse osmosis process (R.O.) and evaporationdistillation process (E.D.) sequentially is studied. The electrical supply of the process is a 1.1 kW battery-less photovoltaic system. One major problem here is the system’s inability due to start-up electric motors, which the largest one is an AC compressor. As a result, voltage of different parts of the system falls at compressor starting moment, leading to under-voltage lockout function to operate in power converters. This will make the power converter output shut down for a second. Eventually, the compressor will not start to run and the system may get totally unstable. This paper proposes a starting step-down power transformer to run the AC compressor, and pass the starting moment. The transformer turn ratio is determined so that the compressor start with the least possible voltage. This will prevent system instability and PV operating point hanging situation. After the start-up moment, a mechanical switch will trigger the compressor to the nominal voltage to reach the nominal torque and speed at steady state. The experimental results shows that using a starter transformer can effectively strict the compressor’s inrush current and prevent the PV-based system instability.