2024 : 4 : 18
Houshang Yazdani ghareaghaj

Houshang Yazdani ghareaghaj

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3628-1046
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55311881700
Faculty: Literature and Languages
Address: Arak University


A Sociolinguistic Study of Turkish: Sahand Villages in Zanjan
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Journal Review of History and Political Science
Researchers Mostafa Shahidi Tabar ، Houshang Yazdani ghareaghaj


The importance of recording and investigating world languages and dialects and accentsisone of the most important tasks of linguists. Turkish as one of the members of Oghuz branch of the Turkic languages (Brown and Ogilvie, 2009) which is spoken in Turkey, Germany, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, and other parts of Eastern Europe, Caucasus, Iran, Azerbaijan and Central Asia by the Turks is one of the most widely-spoken languages that is investigated in this study. Youkhari Sahand (upper Sahand) and Ashaghi Sahand (lower Sahand) that are two major villages of Zanjan (one of the oldest and historical regions in Iran)are chosen as the target group of this study. A questionnaire is used for data collection. The results of the questionnaire show that, old generation uses religious titles for all of its members whereas young generation uses a non-religious but polite title for educated people and it does not use any title for its uneducated members. Also Youkhari Sahand and Ashaghi Sahand informants use different vowels for the same words in some linguistic contexts. As far as the collected data is concerned, Ashaghi Sahand people put an emphasis at the end of utterances which is common mostly on the vowels of the last words of each sentence while this phenomena is not seen Youkhari Sahand Turkish.