2024 : 7 : 17
Alireza Khaleghi

Alireza Khaleghi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6814-2780
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 57200083037
Faculty: Agriculture and Environment
Address: Arak University


Morphological, physiochemical and antioxidant responses of Maclura pomifera to drought stress
Antioxidant systems, Maclura pomifera, Osmotic compounds, Oxidative damage
Journal Scientific Reports
Researchers Alireza Khaleghi ، Roohangiz Naderi ، Cecilia Brunetti ، Biancaelena Maserti ، Alireza Salami ، Mesbah Babalar


Drought is one of the most important environmental factor limiting the growth of woody and non woody plants. In the present paper, we aimed to explore the performance of Maclura pomifera under a prolonged drought period followed by re-watering. M. pomifera plants were exposed to four different watering regimes (100%, 75%, 50% and 30% of the field capacity (FC)) for three weeks and then rewatered. The exposure to drought affected physiological, morphological and biochemical traits of M. pomifera. Leaf area, relative water content and water potential of leaf decreased in parallel with increased water deficit. Malondialdehyde content increased along with the drought stress experiment. Soluble carbohydrates (sucrose, glucose and fructose) accumulated during drought stress, but decreased after 22 days of water deficit in severe stressed plants (30% FC). Proline and mannitol, two compatible osmolytes, were higher in drought stresses plants than in control plants. Additionally the activity of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, APX, DHAR and GR) resulted affected by drought stress. In the recovery period, the physiological parameters as well as the proline content recovered at control levels, whereas soluble sugars, mannitol and total activity of antioxidant enzymes remained slight higher than in control plants, presumably to allow plants a complete recovery after stress. Our results suggest that M. pomifera has a good adaptive response to drought stress, probably corresponded to decreasing oxidative injury by induction of the antioxidant system and accumulation of stable and protective osmolytes such as proline and mannitol at higher rates.