2024 : 6 : 15
Maziyar Marandi

Maziyar Marandi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4882-2033
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55650454400
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University


Hydrothermal synthesis of TiO2 nanocrystals in different basic pHs and their applications in dye sensitized solar cells
• TiO2 nanocrystals; • Hydrothermal method; • Autoclaving pH; • Nanocrystals size; • Dye sensitized solar cells
Journal Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
Researchers Nima Taghavinia ، Maziyar Marandi ، Zakieh Anjafi


In this research TiO2 nanocrystals with sizes about 11–70 nm were grown by hydrothermal method. The process was performed in basic autoclaving pH in the range of 8.0–12.0. The synthesized anatase phase TiO2 nanocrystals were then applied in the phtoanode of the dye sensitized solar cells. It was shown that the final average size of the nanocrystals was larger when the growth was carried out in higher autoclaving pHs. The photoanodes made of TiO2 nanocrystals prepared in the pHs of 8.0 and 9.0 represented low amounts of dye adsorption and light scattering. The performance of the corresponding dye sensitized solar cells was also not acceptable. Nevertheless, the energy conversion efficiency was better for the state of pH of 9.0. For the photoanodes made of TiO2 nanocrystals prepared at autoclaving pH of 10.0, the dye adsorption and light scattering were quite higher. The photovoltaic characteristics of the best cell in this state were 15.25 mA/cm2, 740 mV, 0.6 and 6.8% for the short-circuit current density, open-circuit voltage, fill factor and efficiency, respectively. The photoanodes composed of TiO2 nanocrystals prepared in autoclaving pHs of 11.0 and 12.0 demonstrated lower amount of dye adsorption and higher light scattering. This was quite considerable for the state of pH of 12.0. The energy conversion efficiencies were consequently decreased compared to that of the pH of 10.0. The optimum situation was finally discussed based on the nanocrystals size and its influence on the sensitization and light harvesting efficiency.