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Vahid Mahdavi

Vahid Mahdavi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5823-5628
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 7004027950
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University
Phone:

Research

Title
Preparation and Characterization of CaO/MgO Catalyst and Its Application for Transesterification of n-Butyl Acetate with Methanol
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Biodiesel; CaO; CaO/MgO; Heterogeneous catalysis; MgO; Transesterification of n-butyl acetate
Year
2016
Journal Chemical Engineering Communications
DOI
Researchers Vahid Mahdavi ، Fatemeh Abedini

Abstract

This work reports the synthesis and characterization of CaO=MgO mixed oxide with different CaO/MgO mass ratios prepared by the co-precipitation method in a basic medium and subsequent calcination of the precursors. These mixed-oxide materials were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM, and BET. The alkalinity of samples was determined by CO2 temperature-programmed desorption (CO2-TPD). Results show that the CaO/MgO samples contained mixed crystalline phases of cubic CaO and hexagonalMgO species. Decreasing the CaO/MgO ratio resulted in low average pore diameter and enhanced BET surface areaTransesterification of n-butyl acetate with methanol was studied using a CaO/MgO catalyst at atmospheric pressure and 95 C ,a model reaction to evaluate the potential of these catalysts for biodiesel production. The highest activity was found for a CaO/MgO mass ratio of 8:2 with conversion percentage of 83. The effects of calcination temperature, reaction time, reaction temperature,methanol/n-butyl acetate molar ratio, and catalyst recycling were investigated.