2024 : 4 : 16
Seyed mohsen Hosseini

Seyed mohsen Hosseini

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3974-5312
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55897505600
Faculty: Engineering
Address: Arak University
Phone:

Research

Title
Fabrication of polyvinyl chloride based nanocomposite nanofiltration membrane: investigation of SDS/Al2O3 nanoparticle concentration and solvent ratio effects
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
-
Year
2015
Journal Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering
DOI
Researchers E Bagheripour ، Abdolreza Moghadassi ، Seyed mohsen Hosseini

Abstract

In the current research polyvinylchloride-based nanocomposite nanofiltration membranes were prepared by using of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as additive, aluminum oxide (Al2O3) nanoparticles as inorganic filler and dimethylacetamide (DMAC)/tetrahydrofuran (THF) as solvents via phase inversion method. The effect of solvents ratio (DMAC to THF), SDS concentration and Al2O3 nanoparticle concentration in the casting solution on membrane physicochemical properties was studied. The flux, selectivity and water content measurements and also scanning electron microscope analysis were carried out for the membrane characterization. The increase of THF concentration in the casting solution led to decrease of membrane flux and increase of salt rejection. Additionally, flux was reduced, and rejection was enhanced by utilizing of SDS in the casting solution significantly. Furthermore, membrane flux was improved initially and then declined by increase of Al2O3 nanoparticle content ratio in membrane matrix. This was followed by nearly constant trend of rejection by increase of nanoparticle concentration. The optimum concentrations of used SDS and Al2O3 nanoparticles and solvent (DMAC:THF) ratio were found 0.45 %wt, 0.05 %wt and (85:15) (V/V) respectively.