2024 : 4 : 20
Mohammad Ali Bodaghifard

Mohammad Ali Bodaghifard

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9732-4746
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 6507703429
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University


Mono- and bis-pyrazolophthalazines: Design, synthesis, cytotoxic activity, DNA/HSA binding and molecular docking studies
Pyrazolophthalazines Human serum albumins (HSA) Transport proteins Anticancer
Researchers Mahdia Hamidinasab ، Mohammad Ali Bodaghifard ، Akbar Mobinikhaledi ، Mehdi Khoobi


In an attempt to find new potent cytotoxic compounds, several mono- and bis-pyrazolophthalazines 4a-m and 6a-h were synthesized through an efficient, one-pot, three- and pseudo five-component synthetic approach. All derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activities against four human cancer cell lines of A549, HepG2, MCF-7, and HT29. Compound 4e showed low toxicity against normal cell lines (MRC-5 and MCF 10A, IC50 > 200 μM) and excellent cytotoxic activity against A549 cell line with IC50 value of 1.25 ± 0.19 μM, which was 1.8 times more potent than doxorubicin (IC50 = 2.31 ± 0.13 μM). In addition, compound 6c exhibited remarkable cytotoxic activity against A549 and MCF-7 cell lines (IC50 = 1.35 ± 0.12 and 0.49 ± 0.01 μM, respectively), more than two-fold higher than that of doxorubicin. The binding properties of the best active mono- and bis-pyrazolophthalazine (4e and 6c) with HSA and DNA were fully evaluated by various techniques including UV–Vis absorption, circular dichroism (CD), Zeta potential and dynamic light scattering analyses indicating interaction of the compounds with the secondary structure of HSA and significant change of DNA conformation, presumably via a groove binding mechanism. Additionally, molecular docking and site-selective binding studies confirmed the fundamental interaction of compounds 4e and 6c with base pairs of DNA. Compounds 4e and 6c showed promising features to be considered as potential lead structures for further studies in cancer therapy.