2024 : 5 : 18
Mina Taghizadeh

Mina Taghizadeh

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4639-9630
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 57194150302
Faculty: Agriculture and Environment
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Research

Title
Response of Black Mulberry onto White Mulberry Rootstock to Stenting (Cutting-Grafting) Techniques and IBA Concentrations
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Callus formation, Grafting, Indole-3-butyric acid, Morus alba L., Morus nigra L., Vegetative propagation
Year
2021
Journal Ornamental Horticulture
DOI
Researchers Mousa Solgi ، Mina Taghizadeh ، Hosein Bagheri

Abstract

Ornamental black mulberry (Morus nigra L.) is used in landscape. Ornamental black mulberry which has high shade, tolerates air pollution and wind. White mulberry (Morus alba L.) is proper for kind of soils conditions. Therefore, this research was conducted to investigate the effects of stenting methods and IBA levels on some characters of black mulberry scions onto white mulberry rootstock for the first time. For this purpose, an experiment was carried out as factorial in completely randomized deign with 10 replications in 2019. Two factors were including two stenting method (splice and omega) and three levels of Indole-3-butyric acid (0, 500 and 1000 mg L-1). Three months after grafting, percentage of rootstock callus formation, percentage of rooting, percentage of leaf formation, number of leaf formation, the longest shoot and the longest root formation were measured. Results showed that the effect of stenting method was significant on all of evaluated parameters and splice method was superior to omega method. Also, the effects of different levels of IBA were significant on all of measured traits and they are increased by increasing the levels of IBA and the best was with 1000 mgL-1. Also, the interaction effects of these factors are significant on all of measured characteristics except for percentage of rootstock callus formation and rooting percentage. In conclusion, the stenting via splice method had higher success in comparison with omega method and the morphological traits increased by increasing the application of higher levels of IBA. The application of stenting method by splice plus 1000 mgL-1 IBA which was carried out for the first time is recommended for reproduction of ornamental black mulberry onto white mulberry.