2024 : 7 : 15
Mehdi Hossein Yazdi

Mehdi Hossein Yazdi

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3763-6507
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55332944500
Faculty: Agriculture and Environment
Address: Arak University


Potential interactive effects between corn grain forms (ground vs. whole) of starter feed and forage provision: Effects on growth and health status of intensified milk-fed Holstein calves
Calves Texturized starter feed Wheat straw Whole corn grain
Journal Animal Feed Science and Technology
Researchers Ali Gholizadeh ، Mehdi Hossein Yazdi ، Ehsan Mahjoubi ، Mohammad Zaher Habibi- Tanha


Increasing starter intake has been correlated with greater average daily gain (ADG) and less digestive problems in pre-weaning calves. Forage inclusion in mash starter feed as well as the whole (compared to the ground) grain provision in the starter feed are among the studied ways to increase starter intake. Forty-four Holstein female calves (body weight = 39.67 ± 5.9 kg) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 the dietary treatments in a completely randomized design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Treatments were: (1) mash starter feed containing ground corn grain and without forage provision (WS0-GC); (2) mash starter feed containing whole corn grain and without forage provision (WS0-WC); (3) mash starter feed containing ground corn grain with 100 g/kg forage provision (WS10-GC); and (4) mash starter feed containing whole corn grain and with 100 g/kg forage provision (WS10-WC). The calves were housed in individual pens bedded with clean wheat straw. Calves were weaned at 60 d of age and stayed on study until d 75. The dry matter intake (DMI) as well as starter intake were different among treatments within the pre-weaning period; significant interaction between forage and corn grain physical form indicated that WS10-GC group had the greatest DMI and starter intake (P = 0.05), but this greater intake did not result in greater ADG for those calves. Regardless of forage, whole corn grain inclusion resulted in less starter intake during post-weaning period. Neither pre-weaning nor postweaning ADG was affected by treatments. Without any effect on pre-weaning gain:feed ratio, forage provision led to the least gain:feed (P = 0.04) but whole corn grain inclusion tended to improve gain:feed (P = 0.10) during post-weaning. Pre- and post-weaning blood total protein concentrations were greater in whole corn grain fed calves (P < 0.01), but feeding forage resulted in greater blood beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) during post-weaning period; whole corn grain interaction wit