2024 : 5 : 28
Mahdi Javidshad

Mahdi Javidshad

Academic rank:
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1901-1458
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 57223873393
Address: Arak University


A Comparative Study of Magical Realism in Ahmed Saadawi’s Frankenstein in Baghdad and Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis
magical realism, Ahmed Saadawi, Franz Kafka, Metamorphosis, Frankenstein in Baghdad
Researchers Hamid Varmazyari(PrimaryAdvisor)، Mahdi Javidshad(Advisor)، Ahmed Najem Abed(Student)


Magical realism is a literary fiction and artistic movement. It depicts the world realistically while also incorporating mystical elements, frequently blending the boundaries between fantasy and reality. In two chosen works, Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Frankenstein in Baghdad by Ahmed Saadawi, magical realism was the focus of this theory. According to the findings of our research, Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis is a shining example of magical realism. Reading this novel, it is difficult to tell the difference between magical realism and fantastical elements. As they should be in fantastic fiction, the magical components of this tale are readily apparent. Kafka depicts society as being fickle and limited. Like all wonderful stories, the goal of this one is revealed in a deeper way. Its goal is to demonstrate how people progressively undergo changes over time. This tale hovers precariously between magical reality and imagination. But given that Kafka uses hypothetical change and realistically portrays the life and challenges of coping with this magical metamorphosis, we may argue that it satisfies the requirements of magical realism. It is a good illustration of magical realism since it presents the irrational in a pragmatic, sensible way. On the other hand, it is much simpler to spot the components of magical realism in Saadawi's writing. In order to better comprehend the social, ideological, and political background of the book, studying Frankenstein in Baghdad demonstrates five major components from magical realism are present in the text and this study explored how these elements relate to one another. According to the analysis, there are connections between the worlds of death and life, people and ghosts, the physical and the metaphysical, and the natural and supernatural.