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Khalil Faghihi

Khalil Faghihi

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9884-1788
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 6603751266
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University
Phone:

Research

Title
Magnetic and Heat Resistant Poly(imide-ether) Nanocomposites Derived from Methyl Rich 9H-xanthene: Synthesis and Characterization
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Poly(imide-ether); Nanocomposite; 9H-xanthene; Magnetic nanoparticles
Year
2018
Journal Chinese Journal of Polymer Science
DOI
Researchers Khalil Faghihi ، Hassan Moghanian ، fatemeh Mozafari ، Meisam Shabanian

Abstract

In this study a new series of magnetic and heat resistant nanocomposites were prepared based on a highly soluble poly(imideether) (PIE) reinforced with two different types of magnetic nanoparticles via a solution intercalation technique. New PIE with good solubility and desired molar mass containing bulky xanthene rings and amide groups in the side chains was synthesized via thermal cyclization of the poly(amic acid) precursor, obtained from the reaction of a new diamine derived from 9H-xanthene and 4,4Œ- oxydiphthalic dianhydride (ODPA). Improved solubility was attributed to the presence of xanthene group and flexible ether linkage in the polyimide backbones that reduce the chain-chain interaction and enhance solubility by penetrating solvent molecules into the polyimide chains. Fe3O4 nanoparticles (MNPs) which synthesized from chemical co-precipitation route were coated with silica (SiO2), sequentiall with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane and poly-melamine-terephthaldehyde (MNPs-PMT), and then separately dispersed in the poly(ami acid) solutions and thermally imidized to form PIE/Fe3O4 and PIE/MNPs-PMT nanocomposites. The nanostructures and properties of the resultant materials were investigated using FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The properties of the nanocomposites were strongly related to the dispersion and interaction between the nanoparticles and PIE matrix. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results showed that the addition of MNPs-PMT nanoparticles resulted in a substantial increase in the thermal stability of the corresponding PIEN. The temperature at 10% weight loss (T10) was increased from 416 ‹C to 428 ‹C for PIEN containing 3 wt% MNPs-PMT as compared to neat PIE, as well the char yield enhanced. Furthermore, the MNPs-PMT nanopar