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Ehsan Salehi

Ehsan Salehi

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4409-1242
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 25643697300
Faculty: Engineering
Address: Arak University
Phone: 086-32625020

Research

Title
Influence of binary interactions on phase behavior of water/ dimethylsulfoxide/ polyethersulfone casting solution: Thermodynamic modeling
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
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Year
2013
Journal Polymers for Advanced Technologies
DOI
Researchers Seyed Siavash Madaeni ، L Bakhtiari ، Ehsan Salehi

Abstract

Prediction and control of membrane morphology using multi-phase thermodynamic knowledge are of growing interest. The water/dimethylsulfoxide/polyethersulfone ternary system is a widely used casting dope for the preparation of MF, UF, and NF membranes. In the current study, Flory–Huggins (F–H) model was applied to predict the behavior of this ternary system during phase inversion. Titration method was applied to generate cloud point data. The prediction accuracy of the F–H model was directly dependent on the binary interactions of the system components. The compressible regular solution (CRS) model predicts the binodal location using only the pure component properties as the input parameters. Accordingly, the influence of binary parameters on the location of the binodal curves was investigated. The predicted binodal points showed superior accordance with the experimental data, where the binary interaction between nonsolvent (water) and solvent (DMSO) was overlooked. In addition, the modelling results emphasized on the pivotal importance of the interactions between polymer (PES) and nonsolvent (water) on the phase inversion and thus, on the control of the membrane morphology. The CRS model offered a greater conformity with the experimental results in comparison with the F–H theory. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.