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Alireza Salabat

Alireza Salabat

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3364-4200
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 6603263297
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University
Phone:

Research

Title
Formulation, characterization and in-vitro/ex-vivo evaluation of quercetin-loaded microemulsion for topical application
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Quercetin; Microemulsion; Topical delivery; Penetration; Drug release
Year
2018
Journal PHARM DEV TECHNOL
DOI
Researchers Alireza Salabat ، Azar Kajbafvala

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop a new microemulsion formulation for topical application of poorly soluble drug named quercetin. In order to design suitable microemulsion system, the pseudo-ternary phase diagrams of microemulsion systems were constructed at different surfactant/co-surfactant ratios using tween 80 as surfactant, transcutol® P as co-surfactant and oleic acid as oil phase. Some physicochemical properties such as droplet size, density, refractive index, electrical conductivity, pH, surface tension and viscosity of the microemulsion systems were measured at 298.15 K. The average hydrodynamic droplet size of the optimized microemulsions was obtained by dynamic light scattering method. Morphology assessment of the optimized quercetin-loaded microemulsion by transmission electron microscopy analysis indicated that the particles have the size of about 25 nm and spherical with narrow size distribution. Equilibrium solubility, in-vitro drug release at a 24 h time period, release kinetic evaluation as well as ex-vivo permeation and retention of quercetin-loaded microemulsions through rat skin has been investigated. The obtained results showed a slow release behavior without any transdermal delivery. Most of the formulations fitted best with zero-order kinetic model with a non-Fickian mechanisms. This study illustrated that the proposed QUmicroemulsion has a good potential for use in sunscreen formulations.