2024 : 4 : 16
Ali Khadivi

Ali Khadivi

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6354-445X
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 43661256800
Faculty: Agriculture and Environment
Address: Arak University
Phone: 086-32623022

Research

Title
Morphological characterization of wild Prunus scoparia Spach accessions in 11 provinces of Iran
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Prunus scoparia
Year
2023
Journal Scientific Reports
DOI
Researchers Ali Khadivi ، Farhad Mirheidari ، yones moradi

Abstract

Prunus scoparia (Spach) C. K. Schneid is among the most prevalent species which has the potential of being used as a dwarf rootstock for the cultivated almond. In the present study, the phenotypic variation of 521 wild accessions of this species naturally grown in 29 areas of 11 provinces in Iran was assessed. The accessions investigated showed significant differences based on the measured traits. The majority of the characters measured (90 out of 100) exhibited a coefficient of variation of higher than 20.00%, indicating considerable variation among the accessions. The range of nut-related characters was as follows: nut length: 9.72–22.87 mm, nut width: 5.81–15.54 mm, nut thickness: 5.67– 12 mm, and nut weight: 0.18–0.99 mm. The range of kernel-related characters was as follows: kernel length: 6.83–19.23 mm, kernel width: 4.28–10.32 mm, kernel thickness: 2.16–7.52 mm, and kernel weight: 0.03–0.37 g. Kernel weight exhibited positive and significant correlations with nut length (r = 0.57), nut width (r = 0.54), nut thickness (r = 0.42), nut weight (r = 0.69), kernel length (r = 0.75), kernel width (r = 0.78), and kernel thickness (r = 0.58). Cluster analysis based on Ward’s method showed two different major clusters among all the accessions. Based on the bi-plot created using principal component analysis of population analysis, the studied 29 natural habitats formed four groups. The studied accessions showed considerable variation in terms of the measured traits within and among populations. This variation is due to cross-pollination, cross-incompatibility, natural hybridization, propagation by seeds, gene flow, and exchange of plant material between the study areas. By using crosses between accessions of different regions, it is possible to increase the amount of variability in different traits of wild almonds.