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Ali Khadivi

Ali Khadivi

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6354-445X
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 43661256800
Faculty: Agriculture and Environment
Address: Arak University
Phone: 086-32623022


Morphological variability of naturally grown Prunus scoparia Spach accessions
Gene pool Breeding Wild species Drought resistance Almond
Journal Scientia Horticulturae
Researchers yones moradi ، Ali Khadivi ، Farhad Mirheidari ، Simin Parian


Prunus scoparia Spach is a potentially multi-purpose wild almond species that has the capability of becoming a crop of choice in arid and semi-arid areas. The range of phenotypic variability among the accessions of this species was evaluated using morphological and pomological traits. The results have shown the existence of a significant morphological variability among the accessions studied. Leaf length ranged from 11.09 to 47.00mm and leaf width varied from 1.60 to 8.82 mm. Nut weight ranged from 0.19 to 0.80 g and kernel weight varied from 0.06 to 0.24 g. Kernel weight was positively and significantly correlated with nut dimensions and weight, while it was negatively and significantly correlated with shell hardness. Principal component analysis (PCA) indicated 14 components which explained 73.44% of total variance. Hierarchical cluster analysis identified two major clusters with several sub-clusters. The current findings demonstrated considerable phenotypic diversity in the P. scoparia germplasm studied at morphological level indicating a rich and valuable gene pool in the improvement of almond cultivars and rootstocks. The wide adaptation of P. scoparia highlights its potential as a genetic resource in breeding programs for resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses such as drought and spring frost.