2024 : 4 : 14
Alireza Karimi

Alireza Karimi

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5006-8642
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 57217189368
Faculty: Science
Address: Arak University


Novel nanostructured smart, photodynamic hydrogels based on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) bearing porphyrin units in their crosslink chains: A potential sensitizer system in cancer therapy
Photodynamic therapy Nanostructured hydrogel Water soluble porphyrin
Researchers Alireza Karimi ، Mahnaz Hadizadeh ، Simin Belali


Novel nanostructure, pH-thermo dual responsive photodynamic hydrogels based on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) were successfully synthesized by in situ dispersion polymerization of NIPAAm with 5,10, 15, 20-tetrakis(4-N-carbonylacrylic aminophenyl)porphyrin (2% and 4% w/w) in the presence of methylene-bis-acrylamide (MBA) in water. 5, 10, 15, 20-tetrakis (4-N-carbonylacrylic aminophenyl) porphyrin (CAA-TPP) was designed and synthesized for the first time via reaction of tetrakis(4- aminophenyl)porphyrin (NH2-TPP) with maleic anhydrid and was applied as a crosslinker. The structure of the 5, 10, 15, 20-tetrakis(4-N-carbonylacrylic aminophenyl) porphyrin and hydrogels was thoroughly studied by a variety of techniques such as NMR, FT-IR and UVevisible spectrophotometer. The surface morphology of freeze-dried hydrogels using SEM showed one-dimensional nanostructured with uniform morphology of self-assembled interconnected nanofibers. Rheological measurement results were showed that the incorporation of porphyrin onto polymer structure can provide hydrogels without the loss of thermoresponsive viscoelastic properties. The lower critical solution temperatures (LCST) of P [NIPAAm-co-CAA-TPP] hydrogels in water were measured by the cloud point (CP) method. The LCST of P [NIPAAm-co-CAA-TPP (2%)] and P[NIPAAm-co-CAA-TPP (4%)] were at about 40 C and 43 C, respectively. The results showed that an increase in porphyrin content makes the LCSTs of the hydrogels increase. Swelling measurements of hydrogels indicated sensitivity to temperature and pH, suggesting that the P [NIPAAm-co-CAA-TPP]s were temperature/pH dual stimulus-responsive hydrogels. In this work, the ef- ficiency of P[NIPAAm-co-CAA-TPP (2%)] and P[NIPAAm-co-CAA-TPP (4%)] as photodynamic therapy (PDT) systems were investigated. The production of reactive singlet oxygen, cytotoxity and phototoxicity of them were assessed. The study showed that the singlet oxygen production ability of P[NIPAAm-co-CAATPP (2%)] can be well c